Kiyuni Parish; An Introduction

Contributing to the implementation of and complementing the efforts towards achieving the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly goal 1; on eradicating extreme poverty and hunger and Goal 7; on environmental sustainability equally leads to the attainment of other MDGs.

SLINT-Uganda is contributing in this regard to the attainment and achievement of the two MDGs in Gayaza Sub county, Kyankwanzi district in Uganda. The area is approximately 30 km from Kiboga town and about 160 kilometres from the capital city, Kampala. The total population is approximately 1900 people.

Kyankwanzi is one of the poorest districts in Uganda located in the central region. It borders the districts of Mubende to the south, Hoima to the north, Kibaale to the west, and Luwero to the east. It is part of what is known as the “Luwero Triangle”, an area that was badly hit by the guerrilla war led by National Resistance Army (NRA) during the early 1980s.

Kiyuni parish in Gayaza sub-county shares boarders with Ntwetwe and Nsambya sub-counties in Kyankwanzi district to the East, with Nkooko sub-county in Kibaale district to the West and with Buwekula County in Mubende district.

In general, the district as a whole is endowed with a good climate with temperatures ranging from 14.4 degrees C and 31.7 degrees C all year around. Most parts of the district receive an annual rainfall of 1,197mm, well distributed and exclusively bi-model.

Kiyuni parish like any other rural area does not have access to electrical utility grid. Thus no single household in the village has access to the grid-based hydro-electricity and none is projected to have access to it in the foreseeable future. More than 98% of households rely on firewood for cooking; 98% use kerosene and 1% use candles for lighting. Other renewable energy sources such as biogas, solar cookers and wind energy have not been introduced in area.

Because of the good climate, agriculture plays a central role in the livelihoods (i.e. for food and household incomes) of the local population. More than 98% of the households are engaged in subsistence crop production as a principal activity although livestock takes a very small percentage. The main cash crop in the village has been coffee although maize, bean, groundnuts, bananas and cassava which are grown principally as food crops and are also important sources of subsistence income.

Kiyuni has two primaries and one secondary school. However these schools still face very low academic standards because of the lack of qualified teachers, and socio economic issues such as poverty that affect local people. The village also has a health centre although it is ill equipped.