Select the best purification method for drinking water in Mityana

Status: Finished

The Neighbours of Mityana have gathered several examples of save drinking water solutions. Please select the 3 best solutions for (rain)water purification and describe and compare the main characteristics.

Please could you make a short document (wiki), table or matrix in which the main features of the technologies are described and compared? This will enable us to show the options to teh Local Community and choose the best option.

It is suggested to:
1) check the characteristics and requirements of the different technologies for purification;
2) compare those characteristics and requirements with the local conditions in Mityana (see list with local information);
3) conclude which method is most suitable to be implemented for the school in Mityana and explain why.

Thank you in advance for your contribution!


Thank you for contacting the American Red Cross. As part of a network
of Red Cross societies, American Red Cross works in partnership with a
host of Red Cross societies to implement both immediate and long-term
programs. Thus, I would strongly suggest that you contact the Uganda Red
Cross Society for assistance. You may find them by checking the
directory at:

Thank you.

American Red Cross Public Inquiry/R


I wrote to 'Stop Child Poverty' and here is what I sent;

I am a volunteer and online village facilitator on
Currently I am working in three villages that focus on issues affecting their children. There are a few different issues we are looking at on these projects, one is clean water resources, one is education, and one is the maintainence of an orphanage along with the orphans. Would your organization be able to supply us with any sort of help. Could someone come in and check out the situation and see if we could get some feedback or assistance in any of these villages? We at Nabuur are needing to partner up with another organization and be of benefit to each other. Would your organization be interested? Thanks so much and all the best to all of you!! =o) Renee'


**The two replies from HKI:

Hello Renee,

Thanks for contacting us. Since HKI doesn’t work right now in Uganda , there’s not much that we can do on the ground to help you out. But, we may be able to provide you with some materials about controlling trachoma that might be helpful. It may be, however, that you’re already gotten to the realization that one method of control is to improve hygiene practices which means access to a good source of water.

Let me know!

Jennifer Klopp

Director of Development and Communications

Helen Keller International

Here’s a site that can provide some great materials for you.



From: Elizabeth Cromwell []
Sent: Wednesday, May 09, 2007 3:17 PM
To: 'Susanna Joy Smith'; Chad MacArthur; ; 'Mariotti, Silvio Paolo'; 'Sally Parsley'; 'Sam Jackson'; 'Steve Wilson'; ; 'Victoria Francis'
Subject: Trachoma Health Education Materials Library

Dear Partners,

As you may recall, late last year I had been in contact with you to secure your permission to post trachoma health education materials online. After many revisions, I am pleased to announce that the online Trachoma Health Education Materials Library is now fully functional. This has been an exciting project to undertake and I appreciate your willingness to participate by including your organization’s materials in the collection.

This website was formally unveiled at the World Health Organization Alliance for the Global Elimination of Trachoma (GET 2020) in Cairo in early April, and again at the Trachoma Control Program Review at the Carter Center in Atlanta . Both presentations were well received by trachoma control program managers and partners alike.

These resources are now available online at:

The electronic collection contains over 100 different items, including flip charts, posters, t-shirts and hats, manuals, leaflets, storybooks and school-based materials. In addition, the website offers a tutorial page with guidance on the steps to developing health education materials, from formative research to pre-testing to production. Each page is categorized by type of material; each section contains thumbnail images of each item available.

This collection features materials available from trachoma control programs worldwide. It encompasses the range of materials produced—black and white, color images, from expensively produced materials to basic documents. The purpose of the online health education materials library is to inspire programs to develop their own materials having seen what others have done. Each program will probably want to develop unique materials appropriate for their specific local context and the financial resources available to them.

The library is a work in progress; we hope to update the collection at least twice a year, depending on the number of new materials. Partner organizations and country program managers who have additional items and would like them included should send either print or electronic copies to:

The Carter Center

Trachoma Control Program

1149 Ponce de Leon
Atlanta, GA 30306

Email to:

Again, thank you for your support of this project.

Best wishes,

Elizabeth Cromwell


Elizabeth Cromwell

Program Development Coordinator

Trachoma Control Program

The Carter Center

1149 Ponce de Leon
Atlanta GA 30306

+1 404 420 3858
Fax: +1 404 874 5515


The Uganda Red Cross Society

Address Plot 28/30, Lumumba Avenue

Postal Address P.O. Box 494

Contact Information Tel: (256) (41) 258701 / 258702(256) (31) 260615/6/7
Fax: (256) (41) 258184
Telex: (0988) 62118 redcrosug

Language of correspondence English

People President: Rt. Rev. Dr. Albert E. BAHARAGATE °
Chairman: Mr Tom BURUKU
Vice-Chairman: Mr Robert SEBUNNYA
Secretary General: Mrs Alice UWASE ANUKUR °
Honorary Treasurer: Mr Stephen MUTENYO

Last Updated 24.03.2006


Hi Renee,
Thank you so much for the effort of contacting those organisations and for keeping us informed! That is great. However, I would propose we place this information somewhere else, since it is not directly related to this TASK: "Select the best purification method for drinking water in Mityana".
Would you mind if we continue this discussion about support organisations under another task which exists already under STEP 3 of this project??. It is no problem to work on different steps at the same time.
Please go to and see Step 3 of Mityana project:

If you agree, I can help you to copy your information and postings about the organisation to that Task and Wiki.
I think that will keep our different tasks and results better separated and more clear.
Thank you in advance. Warm regards,


Dear Renee and other Neighbours,

How are you doing? Did everybody receive the Mityana newsletter which I sent some time ago?

Please find below an e-mail message from Local Representative Sarah:

....I am sorry for taking so long with out communicating, how is over there? I have seen all about the play pumps in fact they are so good because they can
work both as play equipment and as a water source! So thank you for another contribution...... says sarah


I am so glad that Sarah liked the idea of the play pumps. They are very good for schools. The kids have such a fun time on them. The card I sent was such a perfect example and so I sent it on to you. Sorry I have been away, I have been working like crazy in some other villages; and also on a petition I authored. It has been a bit overwhelming.
Anyhow, If Sarah wishes me to go ahead, I can look into funding and contact the Play Pump organization to see what we can get going with them. Let me know how you feel about this, and what steps you would prefer to see taken next.

Thanks to all!! =o) Renee'


I wrote and requested some information from Play Pumps International. I have provided their Frequently Asked Questions below. They DO work in Uganda. They have staff that come out to look over the site to deem whether it would be beneficial to have a play pump installed. There is some information listed within the FAQ that the organization would need to know to also aid them in deeming whether the system would be appropriate for the site. Look it over and let me know what you all think.
All the best to you!! =o) Renee'

Play Pumps International
Frequently Asked Questions

You can also download our frequently asked questions document in Adobe PDF format

What is a PlayPump™ water system?
What countries do you work in?
How do you get started in the ten countries you will work in?
Can you start working in my country?
How much does a PlayPump system cost?
Can you donate a PlayPump water system to a particular village?
What are the benefits of the PlayPump water system?
How do PlayPump water systems work?
Can the PlayPump system be operated by an adult?
How much water can be pumped and stored through a PlayPump system?
How does the advertising work?
Who are some of the advertisers?
Does PlayPumps International make the pumps?
Does PlayPumps International install the pumps?
What role does the community play?
What is a borehole?
Does PlayPumps International drill boreholes?
What type of borehole is required for the PlayPump system?
How many PlayPump water systems have been installed, and where are they?
What are the future plans for PlayPumps International?
Do you have volunteer opportunities in Africa

What is a PlayPump™ water system?
A PlayPump system is a child's merry-go-round (roundabout) attached to a water pump that provides clean drinking water and public service messages to schools and communities in sub-Saharan Africa.

What countries do you work in?
PlayPumps International has identified 10 countries in sub-Saharan Africa as its focus countries through 2010, with the goal of providing approximately 10 million people with access to safe drinking water. Our countries include: Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.

PlayPumps International has already established operations in South Africa, Mozambique, Swaziland, and Zambia-with over 900 pumps providing access to clean water and play to date. In 2007, we will be expanding into Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda, and in 2008, we will begin implementation in Ethiopia.

How do you get started in the ten countries you will work in?
Expansion into a new country requires a variety of steps beginning with the initial country analysis that takes place months before implementation even begins. Our teams must do on-the-ground research, needs assessments, water testing, site evaluations, and consult with other groups and stakeholders in the area in order to find the best sites. For this reason, when we first expand into a new country we do so with a pilot program of 100 pumps within 150km radius. After launching and testing our pilot sites, we will continue to expand our reach through a similar approach.

Can you start working in my country? We are committed to delivering high quality programs to our 10 target countries in sub-Saharan Africa and are unable to take requests for expansion into new countries. However, we will keep our website updated if we expand into new regions.

How much does a PlayPump system cost?
You can donate a fully installed PlayPump water system to a community for just US$14,000 (±R 90,000). The donation includes:

Equipment: Merry-go-round and pump, 2500 liter (660 gallon) sealed storage tank, 7 meter (22 foot) tank stand with boards, standpipe with tap and water runoff, and all necessary piping.

Set-up: Country scoping, geo-hydro census, borehole assessment, site evaluation, water testing, community orientation, local crew training, specialized surface, transport, and system installation.

Operating: Organizational support (6% of total donation) for management of the U.S. and South Africa offices.

Can you donate a PlayPump water system to a particular village?
We will try to accommodate such requests, given that the village is in a region and country where we are working. If that is the case, please email us at and include the following information that will help us determine if there is a good match:

village name
district/province/region name
size of the community
current water source for the community
do boreholes exist in the community and where
any other organizations working the area
name and contact information of someone in that community

We are unable to accept requests for communities in countries outside of our current focus . PlayPump systems are not available for individual sale.

What are the benefits of the PlayPump water system?
PlayPump systems increase access to clean drinking water. More than 1.1 billion people worldwide do not have access to clean water. A single pump can bring safe, clean drinking water to thousands.

PlayPump systems improve sanitation and hygiene. Water-related illnesses resulting from unsafe water and lack of sanitation are the single largest cause of disease worldwide. Every 15 seconds a child dies from a preventable disease that came from unsafe water . The PlayPump systems provide access to essential, clean water that keeps people healthy. International partners, such as Save the Children, often provide health education and training in communities where the systems are installed.

PlayPump systems help reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS. PlayPumps International is working in countries with some of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates. The PlayPump water storage tank billboards provide social messages, many of which are dedicated to education about how to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, raise awareness and reduce stigma. For people living with HIV/AIDS, clean water and sanitation is especially vital to good health and the ability to take medicines. The PlayPump water system won The World Bank's Development Marketplace Award in 2000 for its effectiveness at both pumping water and communicating HIV/AIDS messages.

PlayPump systems help reduce barriers to education. Many schools in Africa do not have safe drinking water, latrines or hand-washing facilities. 443 million school days are lost each year due to water-related illnesses that keep children out of school and compromise their ability to learn when they do attend . PlayPump systems are often installed near schools and can provide safe, clean drinking water to millions of children, improving their health and their access to education.

PlayPump systems promote play. In rural Africa, there are few safe, well-maintained playgrounds and places for play. Often undervalued because it appears so simple, play is a powerful tool through which young people learn about themselves, gain respect for each other, break down gender stereotypes, and stimulate their bodies and minds. PlayPump systems inspire kids to play, giving joy while fostering self-confidence and interpersonal skills.

PlayPump systems increase opportunities for women and girls. In many areas of sub-Saharan Africa women and girls must walk an average of five miles (8 kilometers) to the nearest water source every day, returning with a five gallon (19 liter) container of water that weighs about 40 lbs (18 kilograms) . By eliminating this difficult and sometimes dangerous journey, PlayPump systems enable girls to attend school and allow women to care for their children and engage in income generating activities. Playing on a PlayPump merry-go-round also engages boys in water collection.

PlayPump systems help spur economic development. More than 40 billion work hours are lost in Africa every year to the need to fetch drinking water . Access to clean drinking water through a PlayPump system helps return time and health to people, enabling their communities to survive -- and even thrive. With a PlayPump system installed, the need for clean drinking water no longer drains a community; instead, the ready availability of water enables individuals to take on more sustaining activities and productive work.

How do PlayPump water systems work?
The PlayPump water system is a child's merry-go-round attached to a water pump, a storage tank, and a tap. While the children have fun spinning on the merry-go-round, they draw clean water from underground into the storage tank. The stored water comes out of a tap with the turn of a handle. Each PlayPump system reserves two of its four storage tank billboards for powerful public service messages, delivered at the very heart of the community. Companies may use the other two billboards for advertising, generating income which makes system maintenance self-supporting for at least ten years.

Can the PlayPump system be operated by an adult?
The PlayPump system is very easy to use. Children can play on the merry-go-round, or adults can spin it by hand. The more people involved, the greater the production of water. The system requires less effort than the usual type of manually operated pump.

How much water can be pumped and stored through a PlayPump system?
The PlayPump water system is capable of producing up to 1,400 liters (370 gallons) of water per hour at a rate of 16 rotations per minute, from a depth of 40 meters (131 feet). It is effective up to a depth of 100 meters (328 feet). The system's storage tank can hold 2,500 liters (660 gallons) of water.

How does the advertising work?
The billboards surrounding the storage tank provide powerful health and educational messages, as well as commercial advertising to communities. Two of the four billboards are reserved for public service announcements (PSAs), and the remaining two can be used for advertisements. Revenues from the sale of the advertising space cover the cost to maintain the PlayPump systems so that the community does not incur any cost. Each PlayPump system has a maintenance guarantee of at least 10 years.

Who are some of the advertisers? Many of the local companies advertising on the billboards make bread, tea, soap and other staples. International telecommunications companies like Vodacom, a mobile telephone network, and consumer goods companies like Colgate-Palmolive and Unilever also advertise their products.

The billboards will never advertise tobacco, liquor, or other products that are inappropriate for children. In addition, PlayPumps International's advertising partner, Roundabout Outdoor, takes great care in making sure that both public service announcements and commercial advertising are sensitive to the local community's culture.

Does PlayPumps International make the pumps?
PlayPumps International contracts with the South African company Outdoor Fabrication and Steelworks to manufacture the pump in Johannesburg. This collaboration has created job opportunities for dozens of South Africans, and continues to grow.

Does PlayPumps International install the pumps?
PlayPumps International contracts with Roundabout Outdoor, a South African company with a social mission, to install and maintain the PlayPump water systems. Roundabout Outdoor hires and trains local and regional crews in the areas where PlayPump systems are installed, spurring job creation, community involvement and ownership at the local level.

What role does the community play?
Working hand-in-hand with local governments and community leaders, the PlayPump system is introduced to communities to ensure community involvement and ownership from the beginning. Once a community has agreed that it wants a pump, a community liaison is appointed. Roundabout Outdoor then trains a local crew to install and maintain the pump, giving jobs to local workers.

What is a borehole?
A borehole is a deep hole drilled into the ground and encased in steel in order to extract water from below the earth's surface. The cost of drilling a borehole varies across Africa.

Does PlayPumps International drill boreholes?
PlayPumps International does not drill boreholes; it partners with host country governments and other organizations that currently have drilling programs.

What type of borehole is required for the PlayPump system? The PlayPump water system will fit onto a 165, 127, or 100 millimeter borehole. The ideal borehole depth is 60 meters (200 feet), but the system is functional between 30 and 100 meters (100 and 330 feet). Each identified borehole undergoes a series of geo-hydrological tests as well as water chemical tests to ensure that the water source is suitable for human consumption.

How many PlayPump water systems have been installed, and where are they?
To date, more than 900 PlayPump water systems have been installed in rural and peri-urban communities in sub-Saharan Africa, improving the health and wellbeing of approximately two million people.

What are the future plans for PlayPumps International?
Over the next three years, PlayPump™ water systems will be installed throughout sub-Saharan Africa, with the goal of reaching up to 10 million people by 2010. In 2006, additional PlayPump systems were donated to communities in South Africa and pilot programs were initiated in Mozambique, Swaziland, and Zambia. Expansion to Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda, will occur this year and next.

Do you have volunteer opportunities in Africa?
We do not currently have volunteer opportunities in the field because we work with local partners and crews. However, there are many ways in which you can make a positive impact on reversing Africa's water crisis, some of which are highlighted on our Take Action.


I wrote and posted a petition at to have the other members sign so that we can get a PLAY PUMP for the children of far 38 people have signed. The number of names are getting higher and higher very quickly.

All the best to you!! =o) Renee'


This is great news and a good initiative of you Renee!
I have had a chat with Sarah and told her. She is very exited about the pump and the idea to have that also for the children to play! We will have to define with her where it could be placed and how we can make sure a borehole can be drilled for that. With the volunteers who are about to visit here, she will discuss this point.

Thanks! Arienne


Dear Renee,
How about the filtering and purification methods, can you summarize the options in a table, or shall I ask another Neighbour to do so?
Thanks in advance for informing me.
Warm regards,


Hi Arienne, you may want to ask another neighbor to do this. I do not believe that water from a well needs to be purified as I think it may already be, but I could be very wrong on this point I am not sure.

I am busy at this time in other villages and so I will just pass on any information I can. I am also busy with the petition to have Play Pumps International come and install a Play Pump for the children.

Mary (from Nyakach village) sent me over this information if you would like to check into it.
It has to do with cost effectiveness in drilling.
I thought it was very good of her to pass on this information to me so I could pass it on to you.

All the best and I hope you are all well!! =o) Renee'


Okay Rene, I already asked another Neighbour to summarize the Purification methods, lets see what he does. As you know the well (which needs to be drilled first) is not the only source of drinking water which we are exploring, so we might need purification.

Could you maybe do me a favour and answer the following questions of Neighbour Al ( about the Playpump? He wrote me the following private message:

"Hello this is Al from Canada. I am glad to hear about the pumps for the school. I have a couple of questions.
1) is the pump for a holding tank or a well?
2) can I recieve the pump curve and specs, and prints for the pump."

Thank you in advance for answering him!
Warm regards,


Visit Network For Good to create your own charity badge to help PlayPumps International. You customize your own badge to help PlayPumps International and enter may receive a matching gift of up to $50,000 in Yahoo!'s Network of Giving. You can also copy and paste the code below into your site and start your network to support PlayPumps.

I dont know if Nabuur would be willing to put this up on their site although it would be a REALLY nice gesture in support of Mityana!!

I am still getting the petition signed..its up over 100 signatures in just a few days..if you all would like to sign is the link:

It would be so good of you ALL to sign and also to foward it on to your friends, family, neighbors, anyone that you think would be willing to sign..we need LOTS of signatures!!

Hugs to all!! from Renee' =o)


There are LOADS of ideas on how to funraise the money for getting a play pump installed. I am also doing the petition. I am HOPING that anyone on here is also interested in fundraising for this thing as I cannot be the only one involved here. Its overwhelming enough as it is working on Nabuur. Is anyone willing to try?
On Play Pumps International's website they have 'action kits' on how to raise money~how to write the media to get the story that we are fundraising for these things, etc.
Here is the link to the page (you will have to scroll down to look over the Action Kits~pick the one you want and read through it):

Hugs to all!! Renee' =o)