For this community, buying a tractor is a large investment. Perhaps too large. We need to find ways to finance this!
Welcome to this action needed! :-)
This is one of the first actions needed on NABUUR.COM that is endowed with a wiki. A wiki is a type of website that allows users to easily add, remove, or otherwise edit and change some available content. A wiki is a collaborative document to which every neighbour can contribute.
On NABUUR.COM, the wiki can be used to summarise the status of the Action Needed. No longer do neighbours have to read through the discussions to see where they can contribute. They can simply have a look at the wiki to see where their help is needed.
Another purpose of the wiki on NABUUR.COM is that it allows the neighbours to work together on a document like a businessplan, an action plan or on a proposal.
The wiki software has been recently added to this website. If you happen to encounter any bugs, please inform George Hoogendoorn, Project Manager of NABUUR.COM. His e-mail is email@example.com .
I hope that this is enough on the software for now, this community needs your help! Let’s focus on this action needed! :-)
Online Community Manager NABUUR.COM
Hello neighbours: Welcome to the village of Naigobya! We are trying to find a way to purchase a tractor for a demonstration farm. I am going to start a preliminary search of Nabuur villages that are also involved in sustainable agriculture, to see if I can get some ideas and contacts for organisations involved in this kind of agricultural endeavour. Please join in! I welcome your input and any ideas you may have!
Hello Neighbours: I have done a brief internet search for organisations involved in agricultural development around the world and have come up with a few:
1. Very broad organisation: Food and Agriculture Organisation of United Nations (FAO)
2. United Nations Development Program in Uganda--look under income generation and sustainable livelihoods
3. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
4. LIFE for Relief and Development--have been involved in the donation of agricultural tools in Sierra Leone in the past
It's a start!! Can you help us by researching one or more of these organisations?
Hello: Any excellent website has been offered by a neighbour:
This is a company that is well known to us in Canada and US for selling farm equipment. We need to write to them to ask if they have guidlines for "gift" tractors to international organisations. Can you help us with this letter?
Hello everyone: I have received a reply from John Deere company, and they unfortunately are not involved in "gift" giving programs. The fellow I was in contact with also mentioned that we need to be aware of what companies in Uganda would be able to service the tractor once it is in use. Next on our list is Massey Ferguson Company. Let's keep looking!!!
Hello neighbours: Another organisation to look into is National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) Uganda. Their mandate is to "develop a demand driven, farmer-led agricultural service delivery system targeting poor sustinence farmers" .
I just joined after noticing your listing on the website. I work in farming in developing countries. I will be in Nigeria and liberia in October.
YOU DO NOT NEED A TRACTOR!
If you will farm the way I can teach you, a farmer can farm 10 acres using hand tools [a cutlass/machette] as farmers in Central America has been doing for years.
You farm using organic, no-till gardening and farming in permanent beds. If you are willing to build a bed as below, I will help you. After about 2 seasons, you will not need to hoe.
USA: TX, MS, FL, CA, AR, NM; Mexico, Rep. Dominicana, Côté d’Ivoire, Nigeria,
Nicaragua, Honduras, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Haiti, England, India, Uzbekistan
Workshops in organic, no-till, permanent bed gardening, mini-farming and mini-ranching,
using bucket drip irrigation, worldwide, in English & Español
Profitable Crop Production
These are based on the internet, US & international agriculture magazines, experiences teaching agriculture in many countries, research data and farmer experiences in those countries and a demonstration garden. They are ecologically sustainable, environmentally responsible, socially just, economically viable and humanely managed. Practicing the following, farmers can produce all the food the country will ever need regardless of the population. There is unlimited, documented proof. These practices stop the migration of farm families to the cities. [Honduras]. Farming can be profitable following the practices below. There are 90,000,000 no-till hectares worldwide.
Fukaoka Farm, Japan, has been no-till [rice, small grains, vegetables] for 70 years. An Indian farmer has been no-till [vegetables] for 5 years. A Malawi farmer has been no-till [vegetables] on permanent beds for 25 years. A Honduras farmer has been no-till [vegetables & fruit] on permanent beds on the contour (73° slope] for 8 years. Ruth Stout [USA] had a no-till garden for 30 years and 7,000 people visited her garden.
50% of the hungry people in the world are subsistence farmers.
No technique yet devised by man has been anywhere near as effective at halting soil erosion and making food production truly sustainable as 0-tillage (Baker)
1. Increase the soil’s organic matter every year.
2. Little or no external inputs [It is not necessary to buy anything, from anybody. Plant every field every year [no fallow land]
3. Leave crop residue on top of soil. No burning. You are burning up fertilizer.
4. Plant green manure/cover crops to increase the soil organic matter. Seeds are available in every country.
5. Plant the new crop in the crop residue by opening up a row or a place for the seed.
6. 0-tillage: no digging, no plowing, no cultivating, no machinery. No hard physical labor required so children and the elderly can farm easily. After two or three years the yields can double while reducing the labor by half as compared to traditional farming. One farmer can farm ten acres alone using hand tools only [Honduras] .
7. Permanent beds. They were used 2000 BC in Guatemala, Mexico and many other countries. 15-25% of the land is in paths and that saves 15-25% of the seed, water and labor but yields will be higher. Mark off the land in beds. 1½-2 meters wide and as long as the field or as you prefer. Leave ½ meter or less between the beds.
8. Permanent paths [walking] Paths can be, more or less, ½ meter wide between beds.
9. Hand tools: machete, weed cutter, seeding hoe. Local blacksmith should make them.
10. Soil always covered. Never leave the soil bare.
11. Use mulch/green manures/cover crops to increase the organic matter in the soil.
12. No compost making. Use the organic matter for mulch. If there is an excess, pile it up and use later.
13. Bucket drip irrigation should be used to produce food during the dry season and in areas of low rainfall: Bucket drip kits are US$15. A bucket drip line made locally from poly tubing [US$3, Nicaragua] will irrigate a row of vegetables 33 meters long using only 20 liters of water per day. Water can be from a stream, pond or well. Two lines will irrigate all the vegetables needed by a family of seven during the dry season [Kenya]. A drip kit returns $20 per month to the farmer [FAO study].
Ken Hargesheimer firstname.lastname@example.org
Good morning Ken: Welcome! Thank you very much for your expertise. You may have noticed that in second action: "...establishment of a demonstration bed" I have referred the neighbours to take a look at Busabala village, on your contributions about demonstration beds. I note that you have two articles: Profitable Crop Production and Appropriate Technology for Villages. Would it be possible for you to send these to us? Also, you mention that workshops in bucket drop irrigation are given worldwide. Can you tell us more about this? I look forward to hearing from you, Teresa
Propitable Crop Production is in my first posting. Below I will post AT for Villages.
I demonstrate bucket drip system in my workshops. If poly plastic is available there, the farmers can make their own rather than importing them which have to sell for US$15 to cover cost and shipping.
Organic, no-till should be taught on the demonstration farm. I have a document on setting up one demonstration bed in the village to prove to people it works. Be glad to answer any questions.
USA: TX, MS, FL, CA, AR, NM, WA; Mexico, Rep. Dominicana, Côté d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Nicaragua, Honduras, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Haiti, England, India, Uzbekistan
Workshops in organic, no-till, permanent bed gardening, mini-farming, mini-ranching worldwide in English & Español
Appropriate Technology for Villages
The following are things people can do for themselves. Most require no or little funds. Many of these can be a business. More information can be obtained from me or on the internet. Ken Hargesheimer
1. Gardens/Mini-farms: Organic, 0-till in permanent beds. ¡¡Never burn the fields!! That burns up fertilizer. These will double or triple yields and will reduce labor by 50% compared to traditional methods. No digging; no plowing; no chemicals. Use bucket drip irrigation as below. Do not buy anything, from anybody, for the garden or farm [seed?]. There are farmers in every country using these.
2. Mini-ranches: Legumes/grass for grazing and/or with pens [never tie in stalls] using cut & carry. Small animals in moveable pens over forage beds. Use drip to grow during the dry season.
3. Dairy: Legumes & grass in beds. Rotational grazing. Organic
4. Poultry: Legumes & grasses in beds with moveable pens. Organic.
5. Urban gardens/mini-farms: A large percentage of peoples’ food is produced in the cities and towns.
6. Urban mini-ranches: Small & micro-animals. Use legumes/grasses for grazing and/or with moveable pens over forage beds and/or pens [never tie in stalls] using cut & carry.
7. Livestock: Begin with Muscovy ducks and Guineas.
8. School gardens: Excellent teaching tool. Food for children. Trains future farmers.
9. Soil: Healthy soil produces healthy plants, for high yields, for healthy people and prevents most of the disease, pest and weed problems. To have healthy soil, add organic matter. Bring it to the farm [leaves, grass, sawdust, manure] and/or grow green manure/cover crops & leave on top of the soil as mulch. No burning. No tilling.
10. Compost: Not necessary. Too much time and labor. Use organic matter as mulch.
11. Vermicomposting: Not necessary. Too much time and labor. Worms in the beds will compost everything.
12. Hand tools: Planting hoe, weed cutter, scythe, hedge trimmers, machete/cutlass, etc. Blacksmith can make them. Sample tools are taken to workshops. wassan.org/sri/Weeders_Equipments.htm
13. Bucket drip irrigation: A bucket supplies water to a dripline[s]. Kits [US$15 in most countries - chapinlivingwaters.org] or DIY dripline [Nicaragua, US$3]. Water is carried from a stream, well or pond. Grow during the dry season. 20 liters per day for a 33 meter row.
14. Graywater for irrigation: Bath, dish, lavatory, clothes washing water can be used.
15. City Wastewater for irrigation: Must be purified before using. Use three ponds with plants.
16. Seed: Use open-pollinated. No GMOs.
17. New crops: More interest in this than anything I do or teach. Seeds are taken to workshops. Do you like spaghetti? Want a sweetener for drinks/baking? Grow them. email@example.com, echonet.org
18. Living fences: Tree species in every country for this. Not necessary to buy wire and post.
19. Sloped land: Build permanent beds on up to 70° slope. No grass, trees, rocks, alley cropping. No erosion.
20. SRI: [system of rice intensification] http://ciifad.cornell.edu/sri/listservs/index.html; echonet.org. Save 50% water.
21. SRI practices for other crops: sugar cane, finger millet, cotton.
22. Coffee: Organic, shade-grown.
23. Hoophouses: Sheet of plastic and PVC pipe to grow during cool or cold weather.
24. Shade for vegetables: One over cool season crops may make it possible to grow during warm weather.
25. Value-added: Using AT tools listed below, a farmer can add-value to his crops/animal products.
26. Marketing: Sell locally and/or to farmer-owned cooperatives and/or to Fair Trade.
27. Water pumps: hand or pedal-powered; solar-powered using batteries [see below]. echonet.org
28. Solar cookers: Cook food with the sun, free. Do not buy them; make them. solarcookers.org
29. Solar electricity panels: Light homes, classrooms, etc. Can power radios, TVs, computers, etc. Use to recharge batteries. Contact: , firstname.lastname@example.org, biodesign.org.uk;
30. Solar water purifiers: solarcookers.org; jalmandir.com [English, Español, French]; echonet.org
31. Solar water heaters: A drum, painted a dark color, will heat water. For hotter water and/or in cold climates, put it in an insulated box with a clear cover. For more hot water, add more drums.
32. Solar driers [dehydrators] for food.
33. Solar collectors: heat homes, schools, etc.
34. Bicycles: Should be used by everybody. Used bicycles and mechanic training for developing countries. bikesnotbombs.org; ibike.org/economics/workbike.htm#ppower;
35. Bicycle trailers: Drill holes and bolt it together. Use for ambulance, cargo, taxi, family transportation, tank for water or marketing. Use bamboo, wood, pipe, square tubing, angle iron, etc. Plans: ibike.org &
36. Pedal-powered tools/machines: bikesnotbombs.org/at-list.html, humboldt.edu/~ccat/pedalpower, http://web.mit.edu/teresab/www/Bicilavadora/index.html [washing machine]. I have two documents of others’ ideas. compatibletechnology.org; mayapedal.org;
37. Computers/pedal powered: wi-fiplanet.com/columns/article.php/1454991
38. Portable DVD video players: They plug into a TV or have 7” to 10” screens, operate on 220, 120 & 12 v. and cable to connect a 12 v. battery. Use a solar panel to charge the battery. These can be used to teach people anywhere on earth. Every school should have at least one. People who cannot read and write can learn by listening and watching. Videos or Data/information in Power Point.
39. Laptop computers: These will play video, DVDs and CDs. Used ones and do not need to connect to the internet. Can be old. Just so they will play DVDs. Remember that a DVD holds 6x more than a CD.
40. DVDs: Free on many subjects. Contact NGOs, government. cd3wd.com; A list of agriculture & Bible DVDs is available from email@example.com
41. Soil-cement bricks/roof tiles: Made by mixing soil with cement and adding water. The mix is put into a press. The press cost US$150 in most countries. They are cured and equal to a fired brick. Contact the AT NGO in your country. http://www2.unam.na/pdf/RevSTFocus/Part-3of3.PDF
42. Soil-cement floors: Cement is mixed into the soil, wet and packed down. Equal to a concrete floor.
43 Fences: Use soil-cement to set post.
44. Soil-cement paths & roads: Cement is mixed with soil, wet and packed.
45. Sawdust/rice hull toilet: http://weblife.org/humanure/chapter8_2.html; firstname.lastname@example.org for free plan. http://www.jenkinspublishing.com/toilets.html Fertilizer
46. http://www.plantsciences.ucdavis.edu/LTRAS/itech I Tech designs. Hand operated. Farm-Scale Food Dehydrator, Narrow Flame Propane Weed Burner, Propane Weed Burner for the Garden, Garlic Clove Separator, Garlic Trimmer, Weeding Spade, Serrated Hand Hoe and Mower Blades, Grain Huller for Rice, Spelt Wheat, Quinoa and Millet, Conversion of a Leaf Shredder/Wood Chipper into a Grain Thresher, Vacuum Packing System for Seed Storage, Winnower, Small Electric Winnower, Bug Zapper
1. Periodicals: All are free by email or post. tearfund.org/tilz Footsteps [English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, KiSwahili]; LEISA.info [English, Bahasa Indonesia, French, Portuguese, English/India]; ECHO News echonet.org [English, Spanish]; Spore magazine - email@example.com [English & French].
2. Micro-loans: Small loans to create or expand a farm or business. No collateral required. In all countries.
3. Idealist: 54,000 organizations. idealist.org Many give assistance to organizations abroad.
4. Nabuur: Website for your village and “neighbors” help by the internet. nabuur.com
5. Health: Where There is no Doctor [90 languages], Where There is No Dentist, Midwifery. hesperian.org
6. Internet: free programs - download.com
7. Free Educational Software: This was compiled by a Nabuur village and is extensive. 5 pages. Request a copy from firstname.lastname@example.org
8. ECHO: Gardening and farming info. Unusual seed, ag conference. echonet.org
9. CD3WD 4.0 available as of 13 Aug 06. Over 800 books, etc for free on appropriate technology.
Dear Facilitator and Neighbours: I want to share with you as to why a tractor is very necessary in the setting up of demonstrations.
It is required during the opening up/ploughing of the fields before setting up of the demos.
When we look at the no till system, it can not be applied when we need to set up up lands rice demonstrations. This implies that during the opening up of the land, a tractor is required.
When we are opening up the fields for setting up potato demos--macuna cannot be used as a mulch to kill the weeds at the very beginning thus land preparations. Initially, has to be used when opening up such fields.
Macuna can not be used as a weed killer/mulch to kill weeds in demos for beans and the tractor is required during the ploughing and opening up of the fields.
More so the tractor is required to open field for setting up land rice demos. The no till system is not applicable in the rice demos.
Turning to clearing fields to set up cassava demonstration initially, the tractor is also very necessary. Macuna mulches are very good in weed control but at the initial stages, you need to first plough the land, then broadcast the macuna seed because it does not control grown up weeds that you will just saw/cast in the grown up bushes.
When there is surplus food product that the surplus is required to be sold off, we said that bulky marketing has to be applied. In this case, the members do collect together their produce at one central point using the trailor mounted on the tractor.
Bulky marketing increases the bargaining power for higher prices of the members for higher prices hence avoiding exploitation by the middle men/buyers.
Ploughing by use of the tractor barriers the weeds better especially where the macuna will not be used ie. beans demos, up land rice demos and potato demos hence reducing the cultivation cost.
Hello neighbours: Kyayi has informed me on the types of tractors they wish and their current prices (in American dollars.) Here is the list:
1. Massey Ferguson 290 Two Wheel Drive--$40,0000
2. Massey Ferguson 390 Four Wheel Drive--
3. Massey Ferguson 400 Four Wheel Drive--$60,000
This includes taxes and insurance.
I am starting to draft a document for fundraising purposes that can be sent to various agencies describing the situation in Naigobya and their needs. Anyone interested in giving a hand?
Thought this link might be of interest.
I don't know if you have already looked into it for the community Kyayi, but if we can devise a suitable business/proposal plan and submit it to them, it might just work!
It would be good for the community to get in touch with them, regardless.
They seem to be what the community is looking for in buying the tractor needed for preparation of the demo fields.
Hi D: I have taken a look at the link you have posted and it looks very promising! It is important to get a tractor closeby to alleviate transportation costs (which can be huge!). Now I just need to translate the African money that they have reported the cost of the tractors in, to American/Canadian dollars. However, fundraising will still have to occur. I have contacted large, well known agricultural companies looking for "gift giving" opportunities, and they have all been negative. The way I see this action developing is twofold: 1. raising funds by approaching agencies/ organisations involved in agricultural development in Africa--hence a proper document must be written that can be submitted. 2. find an appropriate tractor dealership nearby to provide the community with their particular desired tractor. I think your link will help us in this respect. Thanks for your contribution, Teresa
The reasons giving for ploughing are traditional thinking and thousands of 0-till farmers know ploughing is not necessary.
For rice, please farm all rice production using SRI [System of Rice Intensification]. http://ciifad.cornell.edu/sri I have no personal experience with SRI but you can double your yields the first year. No tractor and ploughing necesary.
No cultivating is necessary with 0-tillage as there is a living mulch [green manure/cover crop] or dead crop waste.
My email address is email@example.com.
If anyone is interested in my helping them with 0-tillage, please contact me.
Hello neighbours: Kyayi has written to me suggesting that we contact MIVA--Missionary International Vehicle Association--an organisation that has been involved in giving support to communities in need.
(English speaking Catholic Community)
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