Hello Neighbours: A warm welcome to the village of Naigobya in Uganda. I am Teresa Flanagan, and I am the facilitator of this village. We welcome any of your ideas, thoughts, input and contacts in order to help this community achieve its goal of becoming an agriculturally efficient self sustaining village. Please peruse the actions and see if you can contribute to our project. Looking forward to our online discussions, Teresa
[b]Here is a description of the village's vision:[/b]
For the members to decide on the project at hand , food and nutrition needs assessments were carried out and the following were realized :
- Average household size was found to be 8 persons with a range of 7-9 persons per family in 63% of the household .
- Male headed households constitute 81% while 19% were female headed . Illiteracy rate among the households heads was 40%.
- Of the children under five years, who were examined 47% were stunted , 16.5% underweight and 2.3 wasted .
- About 59% of the house holds reported their children to have been sick in the previous two weeks and the main disease they complained of were cough, malaria, fever and unidentified diseases.
- 19.5 of the children get their meals at most twice a day. Reason for not giving frequent meals include:
Food shortage in the households ( 46.9 % ).
Mothers working in the field for long hours ( 24.8 %) this is because of the poor agricultural implements which necessates long hours of working in order to get what to eat.
- Activity status indicated 91 % of the households lived on crop production, 1% on animal husbandry , 2% on trade and 6% on other activities.
- About 73% of the households use their land for cultivation practicing subsistence agriculture using rudimentary tools thus rudimentary agriculture .
- About 85% of the farmers were getting information on agriculture from their neighbours and 15% got information from extension workers.
- While 84% of the members were experiencing food shortages .
During periods of food shortage, 75 % of the households sell their labour for food and 2.4% secure wild food.
- 98% of the women receive less than 5% of the of the extension services
- 80% of food is produced by the women and 98% of them work full time in the gardens to get what to feed their children.
It was realized that ” feminisation” of agriculture is at the increase. This means that as men are becoming increasingly absent from rural areas and agriculture because of the rudimentary tools which are tiresome, no agricultural extension services. This makes the agro-business not interesting hence massive rural urban migration.
STRATEGIES FOR ATTAINING OUR COMMUNITY VISION.
Strategies are a means to attaining set goals . They describe key policy areas and decision points, taking into account identified goals and the operational circumstances of a system in a manner which warrants ease of accomplishment . The underlying consideration in evolving strategies is the desire to depart for the business - as - usual or status quo approach to a strategic approach to development management . The strategic approach is holistic in scope, long - term in objective, and dynamic in its policy and decision - making outlook.
The basic strategies are indicated in the sequence of strategic issues noted below :
How to promote sustainable improvement on the sufficiency of food supplies and create a Resilient, Dynamic , Integrated , Diversified and Competitive Economy .
A dynamic economy provides the basis for availing resources for the fulfillment of major national objectives like human development and poverty eradication among others .
Therefore, the starting point for Naigobya has to be a growing economy that is resilient, diversified , integrated and competitive .
The strategies that can foster the attainment of these goals must revolve around these concerns.
- Realizing production and productivity gains, food security in order fight famine, hunger and to break the vicious circle of
- building a sustainable domestic community economic base .
- Promoting competitiveness and stimulating savings and investment growth.
Issue Two :
How to Eradicate Mass poverty and ensure Rural Community Transformation ( RCT).
Poverty eradication is fundamental to human development . It constitutes a major premise for measuring the benefits of economic growth and development of Naigobya Village . It enhances the productivity and advancement of the individual, and lays the foundation for overall development of Naigobya . In addition , capacity to participate in national affairs .
The strategies identified below underscore policy actions that must be pursued by Naigobya Village in the interest of increasing food production and eradicating mass poverty.
Establish a frame-work for Rural Community Development and transformation.
- Implement long term planning to set the direction , pace and goal for Naigobya community transformation.
- Increase food production per hectare of maize and beans .
- Foster community participation in decision making on development issues to tailor plans and programmes according to their needs .
- Transform attitudes of the youth and women so as to build initiatives for higher development targets .
- Strengthen research - extension, farmer to farmer linkages and promote training programmes in business skills , farm management , project analysis and evaluation for the entire community.
- Improve collection, compilation and dissemination of information on target groups and areas in order to facilitate the design of focussed progrmmes and activities.
- Institute special training programmes so that the community members acquire employable skills .
Dear Moses,Teresa & all
Wish you MERRY CHRISTMAS & PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR.
Best Wishes- Shahid
It's our pleasure to introduce Graeme as your new Facilitator. Graeme brings with him a lot of agricultural experience and know-how, and he'll be an excellent match to your skills and enthusiasm here!
To learn more about Graeme, please click on his profile (http://www.nabuur.com/modules/userinfo/userinfo_aboutme.php?uid=12725)
On behalf of Naigobya, welcome Graeme! :-)
The NABUUR Team
Delighted to 'meet' you. I am 200km south of Sydney, with bits of rainforest, etc ,etc.
Thanks for your greetings, I live in a rainforest remnant at Teven in the Northern Rivers.
I have seen your comments and would like to ask your help in choosing the tractor. The choice of tractor is limited, at present, to a reconditioned Massey Ferguson MF 290 imported from the UK. The technical spec appears excellent but we need to collectively assess the suitability of such a tractor. I have attached a file for you to view.
Up North here we are mainly John Deere people and the Massey Ferguson franchise is rather limited although I will go to see them. Do you have access to other farmers/agriculturists who could help us review this machine for village agriculture in Uganda?
Could you let me know if you could help.
My questions reflected my concern about hastening to the question of the tractor when the criteria for its acquisition are so unclear. So, no, I'm not in a position to offer advice on tractor type.
The core question seemed to be how to enable women to achieve the feeding of families. My other questions are about possible work sharing and also, if there is a real need for a tractor, what implements are proposed, for what purposes? Who is to own the tractor? How maintained? How deal with its impact on soil health and productivity? Havoe communities with tractors produced more? How do they manage tractor ownership? Is there any information available about long term effects of tractors on productivity of the soil? Does soil become compacted or exhausted and do input costs increase - fertiliser, etc. What about work arrangements and food costs? Who drives the tractor, how are tractor hours/work paid for? How will maintenance be paid for.
I hope all is well in Naigobya with flooding in much of Uganda. If there has been heavy rain, what has been the effect on land [a] where tractors have been used [b] where tractors have not been used.
I have owned a tractor when farming near you, Graeme (close to Murwillumbah, near Billinudgel). I know the passionate need to have a tractor.
I think that if a community wishes to consider asking for assistance for a tractor it needs to show concern for the kinds of issues above.
I am sorry that I didn't reply before, but I have been struggling with learning enough to be useful and how to best aid Naigobya in their quest for mechanisation.
I think that your questions are excellent with a balance of human and agricultural issues. Since I am not a farmer by training, I find it quite difficult to frame the questions that we should be asking Moses and his village members.
It is my intention to re-frame the tasks and to attempt to find an agiculturalist or farmer who can help with determining the real benefits of tractor ownership. I have a concern about over-buying a tractor that may not be appropriate although I understand that there is probably a limited variety of tractors available. Since I have lived in Asia for many years I have never seen a tractor of this size used in villages. The machines are usually small, many walk-behind, and most leave a sustainable footprint (except for 2 strokes of course).
Do you have any ideas on who we might approach or how we could obtain some more specific details regarding the proposed purchase?
It is a major problem of Nabuur villages that the system brings forward proposals which are unlikely to secure support. I am not trying just to be difficult, but it does mean a difficulty for the local representative, but I do think that it is important for the question to go back to the local community, not just out to some other outsider.
I have written here:
and I do not personally believe the best start point is 'what is best tractor' ... the point Moses has made is that the problem is food production and they are have thought modern agrciulture and a tractor... I have asked a number of questions and rest with those.
Over to you - if you want to talk some time we are at 02 4443 4499 - can call back for 10c untimed. Very busy this week, next week have foot operation so will have some days with foot above heart, appropriate for phone more than computer.
I am writing a Newsletter for this project which I hope to publish within two days.
As part of this task I have uploaded a number of planning documents into the Resources area of our site for those of you, like me, who have had trouble piecing everything together.
While writing my newsletter to inform you of my actions, I made a Break-Even Analysis of the ownership of the tractor. We can use this as part of an Application for Funds document which I am writing about at the moment. The idea behind this analysis is that, using as much information from Naigobya as possible supported by reasonable assumptions, we calculate the amount of land required to support the running of the tractor assuming that the village sells 100% of the grain on that land. Naigobya grows a crop mix of 1/3 Maize and 2/3 Rice. The value of maize on the market is much higher than rice. Adopting the crop mix as the sales mix the analysis shows that the running of the tractor could be supported by sales from approximately one Hectare of cultivated land. This, however, means that these crops must be marketed locally and they are not available to feed the villagers. But with the tractor, the villagers have the immediate opportunity to increase the area of cultivated land.
The analysis has been uploaded to the Resources page. may I ask everyone to look at the Resources now uploaded, particularly the Break-Even Analysis. I am not a farmer and I might well have made errors in the analysis that you could help me with.
I have written another piece of the puzzle while drafting the newsletter. Using data that I have received from Moses, I have written a draft budget around the concept of Naigobya selling a portion of its crops each year to support the purchase and running of a tractor. This has not yet been viewed by Moses and therefore I do not have his input to this idea. However the yields he has quoted me for maize and the selling price would enable the village to generate its own income assuming that they have help in marketing and sales. The early purchase of a tractor would enable expansion of the cultivated area each year.
My draft Budget has been loaded into Resources.
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