INTEGRATED COMMUNITY MANAGED WATER, HYGIENE AND SANITATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT

Status: Finished
Time needed: 
Two weeks or more
Step: 
4

COMASA has been working with Nakyerongosa community to increase access among the people to safe water, latrines and good hygiene practices. Some success has been achieved and there has been increased awareness among the people of the need for good hygiene practices and a reduction in the incidences of diseases associated with drinking unsafe water and poor sanitation and hygiene practices. A lot has been done and we are very grateful to all the partners that have continued to give us advice and support.

Although a lot is being done for individual households especially for the elderly, disabled and HIV/AIDS affected households, we have also added a component on general community projects. However, we do hope to begin a project to improve sanitation for the community through a micro-credit/revolving fund for the women. We are trying to get ideas on how to implement the project and have asked for support from the Wordschool.

Focus on the community projects has become necessary due to most of the water sources being open, sharing of water with animals and water sources being contaminated with dirt like runoff water. The water in most instances is brown in color and not good for consumption. Community members complain that it makes their white clothes dirty.

As a result, ten (10) water sources have been protected, four (4)hand dug wells have been constructed and one (1) 2000 litre capacity storage tank has been constructed at a school. In addition, four (4)pump attendants have been trained to ensure that water continues to flow long into the future.

Picture: 
customer1 001 well.jpg
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The 'gobar gas plant' is an environmentally friendly product which converts faecal matter to fertilizer, and also produces methane gas as a by-product. This gas can be used for cooking etc. This is a cost effective solution through which cutting of trees for cooking can be reduced since methane gas can be made available for cooking, organic fertilizer can be made available for community use, and the environment can be kept clean. Contamination of ground water with faecal waste can be avoided by chanelling all faecal waste to these gobar gas plants.

A basic schematic diagram and explanation of how the gobar gas system works can be seen on the following site -

http://www.childhaven.ca/gobar.htm

Vijai

0
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Hand pump in Nakyerongosa, Uganda

Hello Vijai,

Thanks for the info. I am impressed with the project and would like to know how we can benefit from such a project in Nakyerongosa.

We have been working on improvement of pit latrines for the households and some of the people cannot afford to buy sanplats. However, we do generate a lot of wastes that require a permanent solution to be dealt with.

Regards,

Kaggwa.

0
stdClass Object ( [nid] => 223233 [vid] => 224152 [type] => task_discussion [status] => 1 [created] => 1246908991 [changed] => 1246908992 [comment] => 0 [promote] => 1 [sticky] => 0 [revision_timestamp] => 1246908992 [title] => Re: INTEGRATED COMMUNITY MANAGED WATER, HYGIENE AND SANITATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT [body] => Hello Asuman, A logical method that could be explored is to identify community areas where such gobar gas plants could be set up. These would be areas where a good deal of waste is generated - like schools, community centres, cluster of houses close to each other, farms wih a large animal population, etc. Vijai [teaser] => Hello Asuman, A logical method that could be explored is to identify community areas where such gobar gas plants could be set up. These would be areas where a good deal of waste is generated - like schools, community centres, cluster of houses close to each other, farms wih a large animal population, etc. Vijai [log] => [format] => 1 [uid] => 25436 [name] => Vijai Singh [picture] => [data] => a:11:{s:2:"op";s:18:"Create new account";s:6:"submit";s:18:"Create new account";s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:16:"captcha_solution";b:1;s:13:"captcha_token";s:32:"709067eb1714f8cbffc7dceb7ff967e0";s:14:"validationdata";a:4:{s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:10:"preprocess";b:1;s:6:"module";s:9:"recaptcha";s:4:"type";s:9:"reCAPTCHA";}s:7:"contact";i:1;s:16:"privatemsg_allow";i:1;s:28:"privatemsg_setmessage_notify";i:1;s:16:"nodecomment_sort";s:1:"1";s:17:"messaging_default";s:4:"mail";} [path] => village/nakyerongosa/project/task/discussion/re-integrated-community-managed-water-hygiene-and-sani-1 [field_embedded_video] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [embed] => [value] => [provider] => [data] => Array ( ) ) ) [field_external_link] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) [1] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) ) [comment_type] => task_discussion [og_groups] => Array ( [0] => 180242 ) [og_groups_both] => Array ( [180242] => Nakyerongosa ) [og_public] => 1 [tags] => Array ( [10] => Array ( [6374] => stdClass Object ( [tid] => 6374 [vid] => 10 [name] => gobar gas plants [description] => [weight] => 0 [language] => [trid] => 0 ) ) ) [nodewords] => Array ( ) [trid] => 0 [language] => en [i18n_status] => 0 [taxonomy] => Array ( [6374] => stdClass Object ( [tid] => 6374 [vid] => 10 [name] => gobar gas plants [description] => [weight] => 0 [language] => [trid] => 0 ) ) [translation] => Array ( ) [cid] => 223233 [pid] => 223203 [hostname] => 127.0.0.1 [thread] => 01.00.00/ [mail] => [homepage] => [comment_target_nid] => 222424 [depth] => 2 )

Hello Asuman,

A logical method that could be explored is to identify community areas where such gobar gas plants could be set up. These would be areas where a good deal of waste is generated - like schools, community centres, cluster of houses close to each other, farms wih a large animal population, etc.

Vijai

0
stdClass Object ( [nid] => 223405 [vid] => 224326 [type] => task_discussion [status] => 1 [created] => 1246978620 [changed] => 1246978621 [comment] => 0 [promote] => 1 [sticky] => 0 [revision_timestamp] => 1246978621 [title] => Re: INTEGRATED COMMUNITY MANAGED WATER, HYGIENE AND SANITATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT [body] => Hello Vijai, It is very easy to identify such areas within Nakyerongosa since this is a community project dealing with both households and schools. However, after identification of these areas, what is the next step? I will be happy to get to know more. Thanks. Kaggwa [teaser] => Hello Vijai, It is very easy to identify such areas within Nakyerongosa since this is a community project dealing with both households and schools. However, after identification of these areas, what is the next step? I will be happy to get to know more. Thanks. Kaggwa [log] => [format] => 1 [uid] => 23225 [name] => Asuman Kaggwa [picture] => [data] => a:14:{s:2:"op";s:18:"Create new account";s:6:"submit";s:18:"Create new account";s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:16:"captcha_solution";b:1;s:13:"captcha_token";s:32:"9b2505d8f32df999606dfb535baf9851";s:14:"validationdata";a:4:{s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:10:"preprocess";b:1;s:6:"module";s:9:"recaptcha";s:4:"type";s:9:"reCAPTCHA";}s:7:"contact";i:0;s:16:"privatemsg_allow";i:1;s:28:"privatemsg_setmessage_notify";i:0;s:16:"nodecomment_sort";s:1:"1";s:17:"messaging_default";s:4:"mail";s:29:"taxonomy_image_disable_images";i:0;s:8:"og_email";s:1:"2";s:8:"sms_user";a:1:{i:0;N;}} [path] => village/nakyerongosa/project/task/discussion/re-integrated-community-managed-water-hygiene-and-sani-2 [field_embedded_video] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [embed] => [value] => [provider] => [data] => Array ( ) ) ) [field_external_link] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) [1] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) ) [comment_type] => task_discussion [og_groups] => Array ( [0] => 180242 ) [og_groups_both] => Array ( [180242] => Nakyerongosa ) [og_public] => 1 [tags] => [nodewords] => Array ( ) [trid] => 0 [language] => en [i18n_status] => 0 [taxonomy] => Array ( [1210] => stdClass Object ( [tid] => 1210 [vid] => 7 [name] => result [description] => content that describes a result [weight] => 0 [language] => en [trid] => 0 ) ) [translation] => Array ( ) [cid] => 223405 [pid] => 223233 [hostname] => 127.0.0.1 [thread] => 01.00.00.00/ [mail] => [homepage] => [comment_target_nid] => 222424 [depth] => 3 )
Hand pump in Nakyerongosa, Uganda

Hello Vijai,

It is very easy to identify such areas within Nakyerongosa since this is a community project dealing with both households and schools. However, after identification of these areas, what is the next step?

I will be happy to get to know more. Thanks.

Kaggwa

0
stdClass Object ( [nid] => 223447 [vid] => 224368 [type] => task_discussion [status] => 1 [created] => 1246990954 [changed] => 1246990955 [comment] => 0 [promote] => 1 [sticky] => 0 [revision_timestamp] => 1246990955 [title] => Re: INTEGRATED COMMUNITY MANAGED WATER, HYGIENE AND SANITATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT [body] => Hello Asuman, A basic schematic diagram and explanation of how the gobar gas system works can be seen on the following site - http://www.childhaven.ca/gobar.htm It is a low-cost technique, involving simple masonry work. After the areas for installing these plants are identified, your next steps must be to assess the capacities of the plants to be set up at each location, the costs involved, time-frame, etc. You will also need to get more information and feedback from users in the region where such plants are installed. If such plants are non-existent in your region, you could provide a time-frame of about 1 to 3 months to gather information, discuss feedback and problems with users, identify and negotiate with suppliers, locate the necessary work-force etc. The internet and google search will put you in direct touch with users of such plants in any country where these plants are installed. The next step could be to set up a pilot plant, and see how it works. Further actions can be decided after the pilot plant is functional for about 3 to 6 months. Vijai [teaser] => Hello Asuman, A basic schematic diagram and explanation of how the gobar gas system works can be seen on the following site - http://www.childhaven.ca/gobar.htm It is a low-cost technique, involving simple masonry work. After the areas for installing these plants are identified, your next steps must be to assess the capacities of the plants to be set up at each location, the costs involved, time-frame, etc. [log] => [format] => 1 [uid] => 25436 [name] => Vijai Singh [picture] => [data] => a:11:{s:2:"op";s:18:"Create new account";s:6:"submit";s:18:"Create new account";s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:16:"captcha_solution";b:1;s:13:"captcha_token";s:32:"709067eb1714f8cbffc7dceb7ff967e0";s:14:"validationdata";a:4:{s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:10:"preprocess";b:1;s:6:"module";s:9:"recaptcha";s:4:"type";s:9:"reCAPTCHA";}s:7:"contact";i:1;s:16:"privatemsg_allow";i:1;s:28:"privatemsg_setmessage_notify";i:1;s:16:"nodecomment_sort";s:1:"1";s:17:"messaging_default";s:4:"mail";} [path] => village/nakyerongosa/project/task/discussion/re-integrated-community-managed-water-hygiene-and-sani-3 [field_embedded_video] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [embed] => [value] => [provider] => [data] => Array ( ) ) ) [field_external_link] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) [1] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) ) [comment_type] => task_discussion [og_groups] => Array ( [0] => 180242 ) [og_groups_both] => Array ( [180242] => Nakyerongosa ) [og_public] => 1 [tags] => Array ( [10] => Array ( [6374] => stdClass Object ( [tid] => 6374 [vid] => 10 [name] => gobar gas plants [description] => [weight] => 0 [language] => [trid] => 0 ) ) ) [nodewords] => Array ( ) [trid] => 0 [language] => en [i18n_status] => 0 [taxonomy] => Array ( [6374] => stdClass Object ( [tid] => 6374 [vid] => 10 [name] => gobar gas plants [description] => [weight] => 0 [language] => [trid] => 0 ) ) [translation] => Array ( ) [cid] => 223447 [pid] => 223405 [hostname] => 127.0.0.1 [thread] => 01.00.00.00.00/ [mail] => [homepage] => [comment_target_nid] => 222424 [depth] => 4 )

Hello Asuman,

A basic schematic diagram and explanation of how the gobar gas system works can be seen on the following site -

http://www.childhaven.ca/gobar.htm

It is a low-cost technique, involving simple masonry work.

After the areas for installing these plants are identified, your next steps must be to assess the capacities of the plants to be set up at each location, the costs involved, time-frame, etc.

You will also need to get more information and feedback from users in the region where such plants are installed. If such plants are non-existent in your region, you could provide a time-frame of about 1 to 3 months to gather information, discuss feedback and problems with users, identify and negotiate with suppliers, locate the necessary work-force etc. The internet and google search will put you in direct touch with users of such plants in any country where these plants are installed.

The next step could be to set up a pilot plant, and see how it works.

Further actions can be decided after the pilot plant is functional for about 3 to 6 months.

Vijai

0
stdClass Object ( [nid] => 223537 [vid] => 224458 [type] => task_discussion [status] => 1 [created] => 1247021244 [changed] => 1247021245 [comment] => 0 [promote] => 1 [sticky] => 0 [revision_timestamp] => 1247021245 [title] => Re: INTEGRATED COMMUNITY MANAGED WATER, HYGIENE AND SANITATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT [body] => Hi all, The Gobar Gas is a new technology in Uganda and needs to be piloted, its acceptance evaluated and then scaled-up. Our communities are not used to handling waste products from human manure so a lot of promotion efforts must accompany this approach. The good news is that a lot of effort has been invested in promotion of ECOSAN technology that has been adopted by government and may be lessons can be learnt from there. In addition, ECOSAN doesnt seem to work in some settings (especially where the population is transient) and this is where the Gobar Gas could excel. If you have schools where soils are difficult to build pit latrines (e.g. high water table, rocky areas or collapsing soils, then this technology could be piloted there. Other areas include local markets, worship centres etc.) then it try it there first. I am also considering trying it in Bweyogerere but i need to know the meaning of Gobar!! Cheers -- Walude [teaser] => Hi all, The Gobar Gas is a new technology in Uganda and needs to be piloted, its acceptance evaluated and then scaled-up. Our communities are not used to handling waste products from human manure so a lot of promotion efforts must accompany this approach. The good news is that a lot of effort has been invested in promotion of ECOSAN technology that has been adopted by government and may be lessons can be learnt from there. In addition, ECOSAN doesnt seem to work in some settings (especially where the population is transient) and this is where the Gobar Gas could excel. [log] => [format] => 1 [uid] => 27147 [name] => Walude Mtwalib [picture] => [data] => a:13:{s:2:"op";s:18:"Create new account";s:6:"submit";s:18:"Create new account";s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:16:"captcha_solution";b:1;s:13:"captcha_token";s:32:"afc3a0131b8f9bef939c071b452ff484";s:14:"validationdata";a:4:{s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:10:"preprocess";b:1;s:6:"module";s:9:"recaptcha";s:4:"type";s:9:"reCAPTCHA";}s:7:"contact";i:0;s:16:"privatemsg_allow";i:1;s:28:"privatemsg_setmessage_notify";i:0;s:16:"nodecomment_sort";s:1:"2";s:17:"messaging_default";s:4:"mail";s:8:"og_email";s:1:"2";s:29:"taxonomy_image_disable_images";i:0;} [path] => village/nakyerongosa/project/task/discussion/re-integrated-community-managed-water-hygiene-and-sani-4 [field_embedded_video] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [embed] => [value] => [provider] => [data] => Array ( ) ) ) [field_external_link] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) [1] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) ) [comment_type] => task_discussion [og_groups] => Array ( [0] => 180242 ) [og_groups_both] => Array ( [180242] => Nakyerongosa ) [og_public] => 1 [tags] => [nodewords] => Array ( ) [trid] => 0 [language] => en [i18n_status] => 0 [taxonomy] => Array ( ) [translation] => Array ( ) [cid] => 223537 [pid] => 223447 [hostname] => 127.0.0.1 [thread] => 01.00.00.00.00.00/ [mail] => [homepage] => [comment_target_nid] => 222424 [depth] => 5 )

Hi all,

The Gobar Gas is a new technology in Uganda and needs to be piloted, its acceptance evaluated and then scaled-up. Our communities are not used to handling waste products from human manure so a lot of promotion efforts must accompany this approach. The good news is that a lot of effort has been invested in promotion of ECOSAN technology that has been adopted by government and may be lessons can be learnt from there. In addition, ECOSAN doesnt seem to work in some settings (especially where the population is transient) and this is where the Gobar Gas could excel.

If you have schools where soils are difficult to build pit latrines (e.g. high water table, rocky areas or collapsing soils, then this technology could be piloted there. Other areas include local markets, worship centres etc.) then it try it there first.

I am also considering trying it in Bweyogerere but i need to know the meaning of Gobar!!

Cheers

--
Walude

0
stdClass Object ( [nid] => 223573 [vid] => 224494 [type] => task_discussion [status] => 1 [created] => 1247037276 [changed] => 1247037277 [comment] => 0 [promote] => 1 [sticky] => 0 [revision_timestamp] => 1247037277 [title] => Re: INTEGRATED COMMUNITY MANAGED WATER, HYGIENE AND SANITATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT [body] => Hi Walude, The faecal waste of cows and buffaloes is called 'gobar' in Hindi. Most of rural India has a large population of these farm animals essentially for their milk. A typical gobar gas plant could be a part of the complex of a dairy farm, where the waste can be channelled by water washing through floor slopes into ducts which lead into the gobar gas plant. From the gobar gas plant, the output is organic fertilizer which can be spread in the soil in agriculture areas, and a by-product is methane gas which can be used for burning to produce heat for any purpose including cooking. Use of this gas will offset the impact of cutting of trees to use as fuel for cooking. Through proper design, handling of waste by humans can be avoided. This is essentially a basic bio-gas plant, where the calorific value of the faecal waste is utilized further. Vijai [teaser] => Hi Walude, The faecal waste of cows and buffaloes is called 'gobar' in Hindi. Most of rural India has a large population of these farm animals essentially for their milk. [log] => [format] => 1 [uid] => 25436 [name] => Vijai Singh [picture] => [data] => a:11:{s:2:"op";s:18:"Create new account";s:6:"submit";s:18:"Create new account";s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:16:"captcha_solution";b:1;s:13:"captcha_token";s:32:"709067eb1714f8cbffc7dceb7ff967e0";s:14:"validationdata";a:4:{s:7:"form_id";s:13:"user_register";s:10:"preprocess";b:1;s:6:"module";s:9:"recaptcha";s:4:"type";s:9:"reCAPTCHA";}s:7:"contact";i:1;s:16:"privatemsg_allow";i:1;s:28:"privatemsg_setmessage_notify";i:1;s:16:"nodecomment_sort";s:1:"1";s:17:"messaging_default";s:4:"mail";} [path] => village/nakyerongosa/project/task/discussion/re-integrated-community-managed-water-hygiene-and-sani-5 [field_embedded_video] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [embed] => [value] => [provider] => [data] => Array ( ) ) ) [field_external_link] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) [1] => Array ( [url] => [title] => [attributes] => N; ) ) [comment_type] => task_discussion [og_groups] => Array ( [0] => 180242 ) [og_groups_both] => Array ( [180242] => Nakyerongosa ) [og_public] => 1 [tags] => Array ( [10] => Array ( [6374] => stdClass Object ( [tid] => 6374 [vid] => 10 [name] => gobar gas plants [description] => [weight] => 0 [language] => [trid] => 0 ) ) ) [nodewords] => Array ( ) [trid] => 0 [language] => en [i18n_status] => 0 [taxonomy] => Array ( [6374] => stdClass Object ( [tid] => 6374 [vid] => 10 [name] => gobar gas plants [description] => [weight] => 0 [language] => [trid] => 0 ) ) [translation] => Array ( ) [cid] => 223573 [pid] => 223537 [hostname] => 127.0.0.1 [thread] => 01.00.00.00.00.00.00/ [mail] => [homepage] => [comment_target_nid] => 222424 [depth] => 6 )

Hi Walude,

The faecal waste of cows and buffaloes is called 'gobar' in Hindi. Most of rural India has a large population of these farm animals essentially for their milk.

A typical gobar gas plant could be a part of the complex of a dairy farm, where the waste can be channelled by water washing through floor slopes into ducts which lead into the gobar gas plant. From the gobar gas plant, the output is organic fertilizer which can be spread in the soil in agriculture areas, and a by-product is methane gas which can be used for burning to produce heat for any purpose including cooking. Use of this gas will offset the impact of cutting of trees to use as fuel for cooking. Through proper design, handling of waste by humans can be avoided.

This is essentially a basic bio-gas plant, where the calorific value of the faecal waste is utilized further.

Vijai

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Hand pump in Nakyerongosa, Uganda

Hello Vijai,

Thank you for the iformation. I will do more research on the project and see how our community in Nakyerongosa can benefit.

Regards,

Kaggwa

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